At the beginning of the 20th century, the S.M.P. (Sociedad de Mejoras Públicas) expressed the idea of building a Zoological Park.
But before creating it, they built the Bosque de La Independencia.
Located in the north of Medellín (currently the city’s Botanical Garden) and where, on the initiative of some businessmen.
Some amphibian birds were tried to acclimatize, while fish from the region were grown.
The propitious moment for the creation of a Zoo was presented on August 31, 1953.
When the SMP Board reported that Mrs. Mercedes Sierra de Pérez, Antioquia matron, had left the Hacienda Santa Fe in her will, with all its content.
In 1959, the SMP managed in Leticia, Amazonas, the displacement of martens (Aotus sp), saimiríes (saimirí sciureus), maicoros (cebus albifrons).
Pot-bellied monkeys (lagothrix lagotrichia), tapirs (Tapirus terrestris), porcupines (echinoprocta rufescens), bush dogs (potos flavus), alligators (crocodylus acutus), babillas (caiman sclerops) and turtles (chelydra serpentina and chelus fimbriatus).
All species came to our Zoo to be cared for and guarantee quality of life.
Additionally, in 1960 and through the offices of the United States Assistance Program.
The zoos in Washington and New York ceded several animals, including two African lions, a buffalo and a large chimpanzee.
The last mentioned animal was the famous «Agripina»
A funny chimpanzee considered for years as one of the main reasons for attracting the Zoo.
By the mid-1960s, the first 36 iron, wood, and glass habitats had been built, as well as a large pen.
- At the same time, a group of birds and primates that the Public Improvement Society had in the Forest of La Independencia, now the Botanical Garden, were moved.
Also, through the National University, the transfer of some animals that were cared for in our Zoo was managed in Bogotá:
Three jaguars, one spectacled bear, two cougars, two foxes, two wildcats and two golden eagles.
The Santa Fe Zoological Park contributes to the conservation of biodiversity on a daily basis, through environmental education, research, care, reproduction, rehabilitation and the release of threatened wild animals.
The Zoo’s conservation programs include the Tití Gris conservation program, the Condor de los Andes conservation program.
The Andean Bear conservation program, the Tití Project.
The Lemon Green Macaw Conservation Program, the Prgrama Conservation of the Blue-billed Paujil and the Conservation, Rehabilitation and Reintroduction Program of the Red Howler Monkey in Native Forests.
The various conservation programs of the Santa Fe Zoo are financed, to a large extent.
With their own resources generated by the activities of the Santa Fe Zoo. It also has the support of public and private entities
Flora and Fauna Conservation
Restoration and protection of strategic ecosystems that guarantee the conservation of the country’s biodiversity.
• Rehabilitation and reintroduction of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus), originating from the seizures made by the Colombian environmental authorities.
• Reproduction in captivity for research and conservation purposes of the Green Lemon Macaw (Ara ambigua) and Blue-billed Paujil (Crax alberti).
Two species of Colombian birds in danger of extinction, of which the Blue-billed Paujil is endemic from Colombia.
• Reproduction in captivity for the purposes of research and conservation of amphibians, mainly of the Dendrobatidae family (poison dart frogs).
This interests you:
Research is a tool to help you do any activity better, to learn from trials, from others’ trials, and from related activities.
Research at the Santa Fe Zoological Park covers:
Research in pure and applied biological sciences (including small population biology, animal welfare, wildlife medicine, physiology, nutrition, behavior, reproductive biology, genetics, evolution, and taxonomy).
- Research for in situ conservation (field research, ecology and habitat research).
Research aimed at identifying and improving zoo operations
(research on public learning, the effectiveness of exhibits and programs, marketing and communication; participation and development, and fundraising).
The Santa Fe Zoological Park, aware that nutrition and feeding play a fundamental role in the life of any living being.
Has within its animal welfare unit a Nutrition Coordination, which assumes the main function of providing the different animal species.
All essential nutrients that are vital to develop your normal behavior.
Animal Nutrition is developed from nutritional plans and programs that are created taking into account different aspects of the species such as.
Nutritional requirements of the individual, gastrointestinal morphology and physiology of the species, ecology, among others.
Also knowing the nutritional composition of all the ingredients and supplies that are used in food.
The Animal Nutrition Coordination is made up of a professional in charge of animal nutrition and feeding and also of the formulation and balancing of each of the diets.
Accompanied by a team of people who are in charge of processing the ingredients and preparing the rations feed that is provided to animals to feed well. In the same way.
The Coordination is in charge of different places where all the ingredients that make up the various diets are produced, processed and stored, these are:
1. Food Preparation Area:
In this Area each of the diets for the individuals that make up the animal collection are partially elaborated.
- Which are made up of natural ingredients of the best quality (fruits, vegetables, meats, seeds, among others). Since its acquisition and arrival at the Santa Fe Zoo.
The ingredients are selected, stored, processed and packaged, complying with each of the rules of good food handling and biosecurity practices.
2. Concentrates Area:
The Concentrates Area includes the storage and preparation of another portion of the diet that is made up of commercial foods, concentrates.
Grains, mixtures and supplements of vitamins and minerals.
Here the different ingredients and raw materials are mixed, always respecting the quantities necessary to satisfy the nutritional requirements of the animal.
The Parque Zoológico Santa Fe within its facilities has, like other zoos.
A bioterium, whose objective is the production of live food which is developed through technical protocols to provide animals with different prey that complement their diet, and it also further stimulates their natural behavior.
The Bioterio de PZSF is divided into two sections: in the first, the production of some species of invertebrates is carried out, such as Atrophied-winged Mosquito (Drosophila melanogaster).
Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor), Crickets (Gryllus campestris), and Cockroaches ( Periplaneta americana).
Which are later destined for feeding smaller amphibians, mammals and birds.
In the second section of the Bioterio, the production of vertebrate species such as Rats (Rattus norvegicus) (albino variety) and Mice (Mus musculus) is carried out.
- These individuals, once they reach the age of weaning and adequate weight, also go on to complement the diet, in In this case, larger mammals, some species of birds and reptiles.
Research is one of the most important bases for conservation, which is developed by the Santa Fe Zoological Park.
Together with the entire human team of this place from different areas.
The Nutrition Coordination invites students of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Husbandry, Biology and other areas dedicated to wildlife conservation.
To carry out their undergraduate work in search of increasing and applying their knowledge in research of this type.