The Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino is a hacienda founded on February 2, 1608 by Don Francisco De Godoy and Courtesy.
It was the place where the Liberator Simón Bolívar spent his last days, and in which he died on December 17, 1830.
The Quinta is located in the Mamatoco neighborhood, in the city of Santa Marta, in the department of Magdalena, Colombia.
- The Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino is considered a Sanctuary of the homeland.
It also houses a 17th century hacienda dedicated to the production of rum, honey, and panela.
Arrived on December 6, 1830 at the hacienda offered for his accommodation by Don Joaquín de Mier.
- The Liberator, after resigning the presidency, planned to travel to Jamaica and then to Europe, but his state of illness prevented him from doing so.
The Liberator Simón Bolívar died on this hacienda on December 17, 1830 at one in the afternoon.
Sculpture of the Liberator Simon Bolivar Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino.
Considered the most important site because in one of its bedrooms was where the liberator Simón Bolívar died.
- Inside this main house there are internal gardens that give the hacienda a colonial style.
The old buildings of the Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino are painted in ocher yellow, among them the main house stands out.
Considered as the most important site of this hacienda, because in one of its bedrooms the last breath of El Libertador Simón Bolívar exhaled.
Around the Main House are some ancient trees:
a Samán, a Ceiba and two tamarinds.
The latter are the ones most mentioned by historical tradition because in their midst they placed the Liberator’s hammock when he arrived at the hacienda.
These tree species
Accompanied by the varied flora and fauna present on the hacienda.
Constitute the living collection of the Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino Botanical Garden.
Which extends over the entire area, with plant species belonging to the tropical dry forest. region of.
In the Botanical Garden there are different collections of plants, among which we can mention cacti, palmetum, ornamental, xerophytic, timber, among others.
In the central part of the garden there is a pedestrian sculpture of the Liberator in Carrara marble that was made in Italy by the Genoese professor Pedro Montarsolo Victorio.
It was a gift from the Magdalena Department and was installed on February 2, 1891.
During the times the concept of sculpture has varied.
For example, the work of the Liberator by Pedro Montarsolo belongs to the neoclassical concepts, where material (Stone) was removed.
From where to get the figure and its theme was linked to the processes of political and liberating struggles as an event, reference or testimony of the epoch.
This interests you:
The main house is divided into thirteen rooms or rooms; and are next:
§ Chapel or Oratory:
The Chapel where the remains of the doctor Alejandro Próspero Réverénd rest.
In this place is the image of San Pedro Alejandrino, patron of the hacienda, which was brought from Cádiz (Spain) by Francisco de Godoy.
§ Main room:
In the main room of the Quinta house are some paintings of the characters of the history of the hacienda:
An oil painting of the Liberator, in which the appearance of Simón Bolívar for the year 1812 is observed, this work is from the Spanish artist Ignacio Elizaran Txapartegi;
There is also an oil by Joaquín de Mier and another by Alejandro Próspero Reverend.
- In the same way, an oil is preserved, a copy of the watercolor of the Englishman Edward Mark.
Artist who in 1842 captured the country atmosphere of the hacienda upon the arrival of the Liberator Simón Bolívar in the year 1830.
The alcove is the sacred place where Father Simón Bolívar died on December 17, 1830 at one in the afternoon.
Currently the bed (campaign cot) where El Libertador died covered by the Colombian flag is preserved, there is also a wardrobe.
A spittoon and a red velvet armchair from where Bolívar dictated his last legacies on December 10, 1830, the Testament and its Last Proclamation, Library:
With books mostly in French, which belonged to Doctor Alejandro Próspero Réverénd. Just after Simón Bolívar arrived at the hacienda, Don Joaquín de Mier leads the Liberator to his humble library.
Upon entering this compound, El Libertador holds a brief conversation where he expresses:
- Don Joaquín, his library is not humble, he treasures the greatest writings of history «;
He was referring to the works Gil Blas de Santillana and Don Quixote de la Mancha.
In the library you will find furniture of the time, some containing books by French, English, Greek, Spanish and Italian authors; great classical works of the 17th century. They stand out:
The Latin Vulgate Bible (Volume 3 of the OT) 1819, History of the Indies written by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas 1927.
Natural History of Jester 1792, History of the Festivities of the Church of Joaquín Castellot 1788.
There are also some books dating from 1800 to 1924 whose central themes are related to the independence period.
Bolivarian history, general history of Colombia, philosophy and botany, among others.
There is a side door in the main bedroom that leads to the bathroom, in this place there is a bidet made up of a porcelain ewer, sanitary cups and an Italian white marble tub.
The Doctor expresses in his memoirs that the Liberator received a warm emollient bath for his improvement, the first days of his stay at the hacienda.
There is the table and tableware set of the family of Don Joaquín de Mier and Benítez, which are embroidered in gold.
§ Cake shop.
§ Horse stable:
In the horse stable is the car which brought the liberator to the Fifth.
§ Guest Rooms.
§ Centennial Hall:
Memories of the celebration of the first centenary of the death of the Liberator.
§ Próceres Room:
In this room is the oldest flag in Colombia, and there are also images of the founders, liberators, and exemplary characters who supported Simón Bolívar and his cause.
§ Bolivarian Room:
I work in this space, the office of Don Joaquín de Mier y Benítez